real estate study guide

The Ultimate Real Estate Study Guide – 8 Sections

One of the most important steps in getting your real estate license and becoming an agent is passing your real estate test. We offer our Real Estate study guide with its sections to help you prepare for the test.

December 25, 2021

A successful career as a real estate agent may be financially lucrative and of great satisfaction. Real estate agents play a significant role in the buying and selling of residential properties. You must have a license in the state(s) where you wish to work in order to work as a real estate agent. Passing your real estate exam is one of the most crucial stages to acquiring your real estate license and working as an agent. We provide our 8-section Real Estate study guide to assist you in getting ready for the exam.

With our study guide for the Real Estate exam, you may dive into important real estate concepts. We’ve divided the guides into easy-to-understand sections so you may study all of them or only the ones you need.

Read our other articles and take our Real Estate practice exam right now to improve your chances of passing your real estate exam the first time.

real estate study guide

Laws Of Agency And Fiduciary Duties

This section is all about how a real estate business works, both on a day-to-day basis and in terms of longer-term tasks and obligations. While local regulations may differ, we provide the essentials in most cases.

You’ll need to grasp how brokers and salespeople collaborate, divide and share duties, and get paid on the exam. While the regulations in your state may differ, these connections are universal throughout the United States.


The majority of the real estate business is handled by contract execution and agreement. This section will provide you with some of the fundamental knowledge you’ll need to answer questions on the Real Estate Exam about contracts.

There are many different sizes and types for contracts. Both written and spoken forms are possible. Contracts may contain promises to perform or refrain from performing certain actions. Legally, certain contracts bind just one party, while others bind both, and other contracts cannot be enforced by either party. In this post, we’ll examine the various real estate contracts.


The real estate sector depends substantially on finance. This real estate license study guide will assist you in sorting out the many words and regulations you’ll need to be familiar with before taking the real estate exam.

You don’t get paid as a straight-commission real estate agent until the deal is completed. To complete the transaction, the purchasers must raise the finances required to purchase their house. Real estate is rarely purchased with cash. Instead, purchasers take out loans. A real estate agent’s role includes assisting his or her client in understanding the various forms of mortgages and lenders.

Practice Of Real Estate and Disclosures

When working as a real estate broker, it’s critical to understand how to manage a variety of mandatory disclosures in order to maintain your legal and ethics. This real estate study guide will assist you in navigating the numerous criteria and preparing for related questions on the real estate exam.

It’s important to be aware of some of the essential disclosures that must be given, even if real estate agents aren’t directly involved in loan origination, especially if you’re representing buyers. In this part, we’ll discuss required disclosures and what they mean. These will include disclosures provided when a loan is issued for the first time, particular disclosures for real estate, disclosures made when a mortgage loan is refinanced or assumed, and procedures for closed-end loans in which all funds are released at the time the loan closes.

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Property Ownership And Land Use Control And Regulations

You must be familiar with the laws governing ownership and property when it comes to real estate. As there is a lot of “legalese” in this section, it is advisable to become familiar with the concepts and conditions of legal property ownership before taking the real estate exam.

Real estate business is comparable to becoming a doctor or lawyer in that you provide the general public with a professional service. You are responsible for being aware of and abiding by real estate laws, according to both the federal and state governments. Even if they erroneously violate the rules, real estate brokers run the possibility of being sued. Always make sure you are knowledgeable about the state’s real estate laws before conducting business there.

Property Valuation And Financial Analysis

Property valuation and assessment are necessary for the real estate market to function. There are a few things you should be aware of as an agent in this market. Our study guide covers the key concepts and information in these fields that you should be familiar with before taking the test.

The price of a property is not necessarily equivalent to its value. Real estate financial analysis is essential because of this. We’ll go through the dozens of items that go into generating a property assessment in this part, as well as how determining a property value is a combination of art and science.

Read more>> How Long Does It Take To Get Real Estate License?

Real Estate Participants, Mathematics, And Scenarios Questions

Although you might not even need to use Math on a daily basis as a real estate agent, you should study for scenarios that need a complete understanding of real estate math topics. The following are some examples of Math principles that real estate salespeople must understand:

  • Conversions of Measures: Conversions of measurements such as  linear measurements, area measurements, and volume measurements
  • Understanding The T-Bar Method or how to answer percentage issues are examples of fractions, decimals, and percentages
  • Real Estate Math Formulas: Math formulas assist you in solving difficulties that you would meet as an agent on a regular basis. The Gross Rent Multiplier (GRM) Formula, the Commission Formula, the Simple Interest Formula, the Loan Value Ratio (LTV), and others are examples.

Transfer Of Property

A deed is used to transfer real estate. Sign the document in front of a notary public and submit it to the county recorder’s office, along with any additional paperwork necessary by your state. There may be several procedures involved in transferring ownership, ranging from the contract through the closing documentation. When it comes time to transfer ownership, the deed must be completed, signed, and notarized. The grant deed and the quitclaim deed are the two most common types of instruments.

Real Estate Study Guide

Types Of Real Estate Listings

There are six basic types of real estate listings; be sure you’re familiar with all of them before the test!

  • Exclusive Agency Listing
  • Exclusive Right to Sell Listing
  • Limited-Service Listing Agreement
  • Multiple Listing Service (MLS)
  • Net Listings
  • Open Listings

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What Makes A Contract Of Sale Valid?

As a real estate agent, you must be familiar with sales contracts. Offers and negotiations, contract parties’ interests and identities, real estate descriptions, property price, and payment, contingencies and special conditions of sale, settlement dates, and signatures will all be covered in this part.

When a seller and buyer exchange property in real estate, a formal contract of sale is required. While it is theoretically conceivable to exchange a property deed for payment, the buyer would be at risk. Before any type of mortgage loan can be considered, contracts of sale must be in place to guarantee that all parties are aware of their obligations. Depending on where you live, a contract of sale may also be referred to as a “agreement of sale” or a “earnest money contract”. Whatever the name, the objective is always the same: to set the terms of a real estate sale in a legal manner. When creating and carrying out a sale contract, the following must always be done:

  • Negotiation and Offer
  • Identify the parties
  • Real Estate Description
  • Price, Payment, and Contingencies
  • Closing Date and Signatures

Read more about How to Study for Real Estate Exam to make a thorough study plan for your upcoming exam.


How does the real estate market work?

The purchasing, selling, and leasing of properties are the three main ways the real estate market functions. It is affected by a number of variables, including supply and demand, the state of the economy, interest rates, governmental regulations, and market trends in the local area.

What are the different types of real estate?

Residential real estate includes single-family homes, apartments, and condominiums. Commercial real estate includes office buildings, retail stores, hotels, and warehouses. Agricultural real estate includes farms and ranches.

What are the key roles in real estate transactions?

Buyers, sellers, real estate agents or brokers, lenders or mortgage providers, appraisers, inspectors, and attorneys all play important roles in real estate transactions. Each party is essential to the process of purchasing or selling.

How can I become a real estate agent?

There are certain qualifications that must be met in order to become a real estate agent, and they differ by jurisdiction. This often entails finishing a pre-licensing course, passing a state exam, and joining forces with a real estate broker who is accredited. There can be a need for more education and continued professional development.

What is the process of buying a home?

securing pre-approved for a mortgage is the first stage in the standard house purchasing process, which also includes looking for a suitable property, making an offer, negotiating terms and prices, having inspections done, securing financing, having the transaction closed, and eventually becoming the owner of the home.

What factors should I consider when investing in real estate?

Location, property condition, market trends, the potential for rental income or resale value, financing choices, cash flow estimates, and your personal investment objectives and risk tolerance are all things to take into account when making a real estate investment.


Obtaining a real estate license takes time and money, but it can help you find a satisfying position in the real estate business with the potential for advancement. As a result, passing your real estate test is a critical step in obtaining your real estate license and becoming an agent. Simple things you can do to ensure you pass your real estate test with flying colors are listed in our Real Estate study guide for passing your real estate exam. However, many people believe they require further assistance with a detailed study guide for the real estate exam for each section as well as real estate test preparation.